We started walking towards the library. I first saw the Jamia Milia Islamia college library. Saw people studying silently. To be frank I am not a library guy at all. During my under graduation, I went to the library to renew my library cards every year. When I used to sit in peace means to get cooling off AC in the hot summer.
You can find me at the library. I said to April do you wish to study here or do you want to issue a book from here. She said no. She said as you were not interested in attending classes so I thought we can group study at the library. I said to her how that is possible you are a student of commerce and I am a student of political science honors.
She smiled and said yes you are saying right. She said so we can do one thing you can read one of your course books and I will do the same. I said I can do it at my home as well. I have all my books available and do not need anything from the library. She said okay so I will continue reading one of the course books to cover my syllabus and will make notes. I said cool you can continue I will meet you later. She said are you leaving. I said yes.
She made a sad face and said why? I politely answered him when will I do staying here as I had nothing to do here. She said we will talk about something. I said what. She said anything. I said to April listen we can do this over the phone as well once you will decide what you want to talk about so we can discuss it through text. She said no I cannot do this thing over the phone and asked me to come outside of the library. I followed her towards the bench which was planted in the campus garden.
There was no one in the garden at that time. She holds my hand and said I want to share with you something which is bothering me for some weeks. I said what is bothering you April she said I am too afraid to say in front of you. I said don’t be afraid. I asked if it something serious. She said yes. Now I am getting to judge the feelings, emotions, and expressions on her face towards me. But I am not in hurry to say anything first. I could be wrong.
It would be around one-two minutes she had holding my hands and it seems she is gathering the courage to say something strong. I said what is it April say it. Because when she has held my hands those two minutes was like she has held my hands for centuries. At last, I hear some murmured sound. She said Himanshu I said yes. She said Himanshu I like you. I like you very much. I replied thank you.
She started blushing and said I like you when I first saw you so I started liking you very very much which increased day by day. She said I am sorry but do you have a girlfriend. I said no. She smiled at me. She said can I be your girlfriend. I said yes.
April said have you completed your assignments. I said yes & in truth, I have just completed two out of five. It is just I don’t want an English honors girl don’t think I am dumb & lazy. I asked have you completed your assignments she replied yes and I have submitted it already.
I replied great. A boy and girl approaches to April. April introduced be with them. They are classmates of April. The boy worked in media and pursuing a master’s in English honors.
At that time I asked myself what I am doing with my life. I wanted to complete my master’s, then I have to pursue a doctorate & write my thesis to publish.
In thoughts, I want to create history to become greater than
Socrates. Greek philosopher.
Aristotle. Greek philosopher.
Plato. Greek philosopher.
John Locke. English philosopher.
Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel. German philosopher.
Jean-Jacques Rousseau. Swiss-born French philosopher.
David Hume. Scottish philosopher.
But when reality kicks my laziness crushed my dreams. I hope it’s happening with 97 percent of the people living in this world.
April’s friends said we are going to the canteen. She said you guys carry on I will come here when my friend submitted his assignment.
I said hey April you don’t need to stand here as once I submit my assignments I will leave from the college.
She said why are you don’t take today’s lecture. I said no. In the meantime, some of my classmates came to know, and handshake with me. And went away to the classroom saying meet you in class.
I said okay. April asked you have said to me that you will not attend classes today now you said to those guys that you will coming to class.
I said to April I simply lied to those guys. I don’t like those fucking hypocrites. She said why? I simply said they like Saudi Arabia and its laws and I like India.
She said I don’t understand. I simply said don’t take such stress it’s a political science thing. We don’t talk like Charles Dickens and I am not William Shakespeare. I know you like Jane Austen’s but we do political science students always fought over the thinker’s views. We do not love the subject like you guys. I said I am a philosopher with my philosophy.
She said wow you are talked like a philosopher. She said if you are not going to attend classes can we go to the library. I said okay. She said let’s go.
I was sitting at my home & I got a text saying hey, Al Pacino how are you? This side Sharon stone. I replied I am great. How are you? She replied saying good & asked are you coming to the college this week to submit your assignments? I replied yes.
She said okay so what time you will come she asked. I replied around 11 am which means I have no idea which time I will be reached.
You guys were thinking what the shit is going on. Is this is a normal story to tell? The answer is I don’t know. I am just sharing this story.
So back to the story guys, I haven’t made my assignments till I got a text from April. As in reality, I am a very lazy guy from my childhood.
It is just not that I am too lazy it is just in which a task is given to me and there is no deadline or I think it is not important now. I will do later that task I always neglected to do it later due to my laziness.
So somehow I reached completing two assignments and submitted another 3 assignments later which cost me 1500 rupees plus extra to make a demand draft. Which is another story which I will tell you somehow later.
Conclusion my laziness cost me 1500 rupees. So as I manage to complete two assignments which I made by reviewing points from Wikipedia, & finding notes with the help of study material of Jamia Milia Islamia & Indra Gandhi’s national open university books.
It was Saturday morning, I wake up took my bag went to the bus station. Caught the bus for Lajpat Nagar. I never get a seat while going to college & somehow I got lucky to get a seat in the middle of the journey.
I have always had bad luck that always a senior citizen, uncle, or aunty came and stand next to my seat which results in me have to vacant the seat.
On the bus journey, my time pass was to listen to music. Now you guys were thinking I have music taste of Punjabi, Bollywood at that time. No at that time I used to listen to English, Spanish pop, rock, and rap music.
So once I caught the bus at the Saturday morning. I took the ticket from the bus conductor. I have got a call from April. Hey, are you coming to college today? I said yes I am on my way to college. She said okay so meet you at college. I replied okay and disconnected the call.
As usual, I drop at Lajpat Nagar bus station. Waited for the bus that drops me at Jamia college. I have waited around 15-20 minutes but no luck.
In between one bus came but it was fully packed and I always neglect buses if it was fully packed with people.
I take an autorickshaw for the college and reached college in 10 minutes from Lajpat Nagar to Jamia college gate number 17.
I started walking at the center of distance learning, where the may I help you counterman asked me to come from the backside which I did.
In the meantime, I have got a call from April. She said where are you? I said in the college and I asked where are you? She said at the end of the backside of the canteen college & said come here fast.
I said okay. I asked the may I help you, counterman, where I have to submit the political science master first-year assignments.
He guided me to go to the backside of the canteen. I started walking towards the backside of the college and upon reaching there I start seeing people copying assignments with others and some of them are making fresh assignments sitting in the park of the college. Some are in the queue submitting their college assignments.
I also lined up in the queue for submitting my only two assignments out of five. I heard a voice hey Al Pacino.
I turn around to look & I have seen a smiling face approaches me it was April. Once she shouted hey Al Pacino. People in the queue starting to seeing me.
She reached me and raise her hand towards me and I did the same and we handshake. I see a blush on her face & after ten seconds I take my hand down. I said how are you? She said I am good & asked how are you? I said I am excellent.
In 2017 I have bleached my hair and my friends are liking my new look. A girl called me & said you look like a hippie & I smiled at her then she said don’t take it the wrong way it’s a compliment. I smiled at her again & said I don’t fucking care but thank you. She looked at me for 10 seconds with a blank expression that what just happened but suddenly after 10 seconds, she smiled back.
She asked my name I said my name is Al Pacino. She said her name is Sharon Stone. I smiled at her she smiled back. Then I provided her my name and asked her name she said her name is April. I said what a unique name you have and in my mind April a month she was named what her parents were thinking at that time.
She said what you do I said I am unskilled labor and you? She said she is an actress. And said what does unskilled labor means. I said to work in a multinational company in Gurgaon. She said that’s a good thing you are working & studying at the same time. I said I guess you are right.
I said to her okay see you. Bye and start walking towards the bus station she scream Al Pacino what’s your phone number. I said why? She said to ask if you are coming to college or not. At that time I usually go to college on Saturday only. I said okay I have given my phone number to her by the way she was in master in English honor’s & I was in master’s in political science.
Life became back to normal Monday prepare for office then office to home. The same goes for to rest of the week. On Friday she texted me hey Al Pacino April this side save my number. I replied her okay. Then she asked are you coming tomorrow? I replied I guess let’s see.
She replied to me back a question mark & said honey are you okay? I said yes she replied so are you coming or not. I replied yes I am coming. She replied that’s better.
On Saturday morning due to laziness, I am thinking of skipping classes however I checked my phone and seen April’s text where are you? I quickly take a shower get ready and catch a bus and while traveling replied her I am on my way to college she texted back okay.
I reached college she was outside the classroom. And she came to me and said hi. I said hi to her. Then I asked how are you? She said I am good and asked me how are you? I said I am good too.
I said to April so April see you after class. She smiled at me and I entered my class. After class, I see April was waiting outside for me. She asked how was your class? I said it was fine and yours she said same fine.
I said bye to her and went to the bus station again. This same cycle repeated two more weeks. Then on the fourth week, I skipped my class. I got a text from April where are you? I replied at home. She replied why? Don’t you be here at college? I replied it doesn’t matter & now I will not come to classes. She said why I replied I don’t like to come to classes anymore. She replied after few minutes saying okay.
होली वसंत ऋतु के आगमन, सर्दियों के अंत, प्यार के खिलने और कई लोगों के लिए दूसरों से मिलने, खेलने और हंसने, भूलने और माफ करने और टूटे हुए रिश्तों को सुधारने का उत्सव है। यह त्योहार एक अच्छी वसंत फसल के मौसम की शुरुआत का जश्न भी मनाता है। यह एक रात और एक दिन तक रहता है, पूर्णिमा की पूर्णिमा के दिन से शुरू होता है, जो कि फाल्गुन के हिंदू कैलेंडर महीने में पड़ता है, जो ग्रेगोरियन कैलेंडर में मार्च के मध्य में आता है। पहली शाम को होलिका दहन (दानव होलिका जलाना) या छोटी होली के रूप में जाना जाता है और अगले दिन होली, रंगवाली होली, डोल पूर्णिमा, धुलेटी, धुलंडी, उकुली, मंजुल कुली, योसंग, शिगम या फगवा, जजीरी।
होली एक प्राचीन हिंदू धार्मिक त्योहार है जो गैर-हिंदुओं के साथ-साथ दक्षिण एशिया के कई हिस्सों में, साथ ही साथ एशिया के बाहर अन्य समुदायों के लोगों में भी लोकप्रिय हो गया है। भारत और नेपाल के अलावा, यह त्योहार भारतीय उपमहाद्वीप प्रवासी भारतीयों द्वारा सूरीनाम, गुयाना, त्रिनिदाद और टोबैगो, दक्षिण अफ्रीका, मॉरीशस, फिजी, मलेशिया जैसे देशों में मनाया जाता है, यूनाइटेड किंगडम, संयुक्त राज्य अमेरिका, नीदरलैंड कनाडा, ऑस्ट्रेलिया और न्यूजीलैंड।हाल के वर्षों में यह त्योहार यूरोप और उत्तरी अमेरिका के हिस्सों में प्यार, मनमोहक और रंगों के वसंत उत्सव के रूप में फैल गया है।
होली की रात होली से एक दिन पहले होलिका दहन के साथ शुरू होती है जहां लोग इकट्ठा होते हैं, अलाव के सामने धार्मिक अनुष्ठान करते हैं, और प्रार्थना करते हैं कि उनकी आंतरिक बुराई को नष्ट कर दिया जाए, जिस तरह से होलिका, राक्षस राजा हिरण्यकश्यप की बहन, अग्नि में मारे गए थे । अगली सुबह रंगवाली होली (धुलेटी) के रूप में मनाई जाती है – रंगों का एक मुक्त त्योहार, जहां लोग एक-दूसरे को रंगों से सराबोर करते हैं और एक-दूसरे को मिठाई खिलाते हैं। पानी की बंदूकें और पानी से भरे गुब्बारे एक दूसरे को खेलने और रंगने के लिए भी उपयोग किए जाते हैं। कोई भी और हर कोई निष्पक्ष खेल, दोस्त या अजनबी, अमीर या गरीब, आदमी या औरत, बच्चे और बुजुर्ग हैं। रंगों के साथ संघर्ष और लड़ाई खुली सड़कों, पार्कों, मंदिरों और इमारतों के बाहर होती है। समूह ड्रम और अन्य संगीत वाद्ययंत्र ले जाते हैं, एक स्थान से दूसरे स्थान पर जाते हैं, गाते हैं और नृत्य करते हैं। लोग परिवार, दोस्तों और दुश्मनों से मिलने आते हैं, एक दूसरे पर रंगीन पाउडर फेंकते हैं, हँसते हैं और गपशप करते हैं, फिर होली के व्यंजनों, भोजन और पेय को साझा करते हैं। शाम को, लोग कपड़े पहनते हैं और दोस्तों और परिवार से मिलते हैं।
Thousands of years ago, Darkseid and his Parademons attempted to conquer Earth using the Mother Boxes. The attempt was foiled by a unified alliance of Old Gods, Amazons, Atlanteans, humanity, and a Green Lantern. After the battle, the Boxes were hidden in different locations, guarded by the Amazons, Atlanteans, and Humanity respectively. In the present, Superman‘s death[b] triggers the Boxes’ reactivation, attracting Steppenwolf, one of Darkseid’s servants, to Earth. Steppenwolf, who has fallen out of favor with Darkseid, aims to regain it by gathering the boxes to form “the Unity,” which would terraform Earth in the likeness of their world Apokolips.
Steppenwolf retrieves a Mother Box from Themyscira, decimating the Amazon forces and prompting Queen Hippolyta to warn her daughter Diana Prince of the invasion. Prince receives the message and learns of the events related to Darkseid and Steppenwolf. She informs Bruce Wayne of these developments. Wayne and Prince seek to form a team of metahumans to protect Earth. Wayne locates Arthur Curry and Barry Allen, while Prince locates Victor Stone. Allen joins immediately, while Curry and Stone refuse. However, Stone joins after his father Silas and several other S.T.A.R. Labs employees are kidnapped by Parademons seeking the humans’ Mother Box. Steppenwolf attacks an Atlantean outpost to retrieve their Box, forcing Curry into action.
The team receives intel from Gotham City police Commissioner James Gordon, leading them to Steppenwolf’s army in an abandoned facility under Gotham Harbor. Although the group rescues the kidnapped employees, the facility is flooded during combat, trapping the team until Curry helps delay the flood so they can escape. Stone retrieves the last Mother Box, which he had hidden, for the group to analyze. Stone reveals that Silas used the Box to rebuild his body after a car accident. Also that the Boxes are “change machines” that unfalteringly enforce the will of their master, destroying or restoring to life without bias. The group decides to use the Box to resurrect Superman to help fight Steppenwolf. Allen and Stone exhume Superman’s body, and place it in the amniotic fluid of the genesis chamber in a Kryptonian ship[c] kept in S.T.A.R. Labs. After Allen activates the Mother Box, an amnesiac Superman is resurrected, immediately attacking the group after Stone’s cybernetics target him in self-defense. Lois Lane arrives just in time to calm Superman, preventing him from killing Wayne. Together, Lane and Superman leave for his family home in Smallville, where he regains his memories and reunites with his mother, Martha.
Steppenwolf attacks S.T.A.R. Labs and retrieves the last Mother Box, though Silas manages to supercharge the Box with laser heat at the cost of his own life, allowing Stone to track it by tracing the heat. Without Superman, the five heroes travel to where Steppenwolf aims to unite the Boxes. The team fights their way through the Parademons to reach the Boxes but cannot distract Steppenwolf enough for Stone to separate them. Superman arrives and overpowers Steppenwolf, but the Boxes merge to form the Unity, causing a massive explosion. Allen enters the Speed Force and reverses time, allowing Superman and Stone to separate the Boxes. The heroes kill Steppenwolf and toss his body into a portal to Apokolips. Darkseid assures his servant DeSaad he will return to Earth to complete his quest for the Anti-Life Equation.
After the battle, Wayne, Prince, and Alfred Pennyworth agree to set up a base of operations at the former Wayne Manor. As the team establishes, Prince receives another message from the Amazons, Allen acquires a job in Central City‘s police department which impresses his father Henry, Stone is inspired by a message from his father to use his abilities for good, Curry bids farewell to Mera and his mentor Nuidis Vulko as he goes to see his father,[d] and Superman resumes his life as reporter Clark Kent and as protector of Earth.
Lex Luthor, who escaped from Arkham Asylum, is visited by Slade Wilson, to whom Luthor reveals Batman’s secret identity. After having a dream involving Stone, Allen, Mera, Wilson, the Joker, and an evil Superman in a post-apocalyptic world,[e] Wayne receives a visit from the Martian Manhunter, who previously visited Lane disguised as Martha. He thanks Wayne for assembling the team before saying they will be in contact in preparation for Darkseid’s next plans.
Ray Fisher as Victor Stone / Cyborg: A former college athlete who, after being cybernetically reconstructed after a nearly fatal car accident, is turned into a techno-organic being enhanced by reactive, adaptive biomimetic alien technology. His enhancements include the abilities of flight, variable weaponry and technopathy. Much of Cyborg’s character development was removed in the theatrical release, and Snyder described Cyborg as he is depicted in Zack Snyder’s Justice League as “the heart of the movie”. Similarly, Fisher stated that Cyborg’s character arc is emotional and allegorical of “the journey that Black people have taken in [America]”. According to Fisher, the only scene of his directed by Snyder which remained in the theatrical cut was that of Cyborg meeting up with Batman and Commissioner Gordon at the Gotham City police rooftop.
Jesse Eisenberg as Lex Luthor: Superman’s arch-nemesis and former head of LexCorp. Lex’s original appearance at the end of the film was originally filmed differently from the theatrical version, teasing Affleck’s The Batman project rather than a potential Justice League sequel.
Ciarán Hinds as Steppenwolf: A New God military officer from the planet Apokolips who leads an army of Parademons in search of the three Mother Boxes held on Earth. Hinds had previously described Steppenwolf as “old, tired, still trying to get out of his own enslavement to Darkseid”. Steppenwolf was redesigned for the new release, bringing his appearance closer to Snyder’s original vision prior to studio interference. Previously, Hinds expressed frustration with the theatrical cut which trimmed down Steppenwolf’s backstory and character.
Ryan Zheng as Ryan Choi: A scientist working at S.T.A.R. Labs, under the leadership of Silas Stone. By the end of the film, Choi is promoted to Director of Nanotechnology at the company. The character was intended to star in a spin-off, with Snyder having pitched a film to the studio. The filmmaker stated that movie would have featured Choi taking up the mantle of The Atom, and taken place in China with a Chinese cast.
Amber Heard as Mera: An Atlantean who was raised by Arthur Curry’s mother, Queen Atlanna.
David Thewlis as Ares: The Olympian God of War, and Diana’s half-brother. Stuntman Nick McKinless portrays Ares physically on set, while Thewlis’s face replaces McKinless’s in the finished film using special effects.
Jared Leto portrays the Joker, a psychotic criminal and Batman’s archenemy, reprising his role from Suicide Squad (2016). The Joker was not planned to appear in the original film, but Snyder decided to use him sometime after his new version was greenlit, as it was always Snyder’s intention to bring the Joker into his Justice League films. The character was redesigned for the new release. Karen Bryson portrays Elinore Stone, the late mother of Victor Stone, while Kiersey Clemons portrays Iris West, the love interest of Barry Allen. Ray Porter portrays Darkseid, a tyrannical New God from Apokolips and Steppenwolf’s nephew and master. Darkseid did not appear in the theatrical cut, meaning Zack Snyder’s Justice League marks the character’s first appearance in a live-action film. Porter played Darkseid through the use of motion capture and “went through a few different vocal gymnastics trying to figure out the voice”. Porter was unfamiliar with the Darkseid character upon being cast, but Snyder and screenwriter Chris Terrio helped guide him with their knowledge of the comic book lore. Peter Guinness portrays DeSaad, Darkseid’s master enforcer. Harry Lennix reprises his role from previous DC Extended Universe films as Calvin Swanwick, who is revealed to be Martian Manhunter. Other actors reprising their roles from previous DC Extended Universe films include: Robin Wright as Antiope, Samantha Jo as Euboea, Carla Gugino as the voice of the Kryptonian ship A.I. and Russell Crowe as the voice of Jor-El. Uncredited appearances include Billy Crudup as Henry Allen, Kevin Costner (via archival voice recording) as Jonathan Kent, and Joe Manganiello as Slade Wilson / Deathstroke.
The reviews are in for Zack Snyder’s anticipated Justice League cut.
Zack Snyder’s Justice League follows the 2017 Justice League, which is credited to Snyder but was largely helmed and written by Joss Whedon after Snyder had to remove himself from the project due to a family tragedy. Despite extensive reshoots and a new start, Whedon’s film left fans convinced that Snyder’s original take on the film before handing the reins over was being kept from them — a growing movement of fans rallied by the hashtag #ReleasetheSnyderCut, with even the film’s stars Gal Gadot and Ben Affleck adding their voices on Twitter. Now fans are having their say with Snyder set to release his cut of Justice League on HBO Max on March 18.
“It will be an entirely new thing, and, especially talking to those who have seen the released movie, a new experience apart from that movie,” Snyder told The Hollywood Reporter, also noting that he has not watched the version released in theaters.
The Hollywood Reporter’s John DeFore is quick to note that comparisons to the 2017 version are inevitable and Snyder’s cut “is an improvement in some concrete ways” thanks to a “more coherent” plot and tone, “substantially improved” FX and better photography. However, DeFore writes “the movie’s soul, such as it is, remains unimproved, and at 242 minutes, very few of them offering much pleasure, it’s nearly unendurable as a single-sitting experience.” Though “the expanded version may be exactly the product desired by the legion of Snyder fans who cried to the heavens for its release,” unfortunately “nonmembers of that cult will find it just as unenjoyable as the original.” DeFore adds that the new cut offers “testosterocious monotony from its first chapter” and admits that “some of the battles here might play well if repurposed in other comic book movies,” but “they’re just numbing in this film.” DeFore also noted how unimpressed he was with the director’s “exasperating epilogue.” “No thanks, guys. This was more than enough.”
Meanwhile Slate‘s Karen Han credits herself as a “Snyder apologist”; therefore, it’s not a surprise to find that the critic is quick to applaud the film for being “remarkable” and says Snyder’s distinctive directing style and aesthetics “sets the new Justice League apart.” Han credits Snyder for bringing “emotional depth” to characters, in particular with Cyborg (Ray Fisher).” Four hours might seem unnecessarily long, but in this case, it allows for time to see these characters when they aren’t superheroes, and makes them more human as a result,” Han writes. Han explains in detail how Snyder “has established himself as a director who’s impossible to imitate,” and his new cut proves “a movie with a clear director’s touch is more compelling than a movie that’s been made by committee.” Han concludes, “Snyder’s Justice League is more, more, more in a way that most films wouldn’t dare, and, after a year of no theaters at all, a movie that makes me long to return to a multiplex — to see more movies that commit so completely to a vision that it’s impossible not to be swept away.”
Amon Warmann of Empire magazine shares the same positive sentiments that Snyder’s “four-hour cut that lives up to its title” and “for the most part, it’s for the better.” Like Han, Warmann also acknowledges Snyder’s ability to take the time to “dig into his team of heroes,” with “fleshed-out through-lines” now allowing “the story as a whole to breathe.” Recognized for his “super slow motion” aesthetic, Warmann notes that while “the director overindulges” at times, “generally it’s used in the service of accentuating action beats.” To offer critiques of the film, Warmann adds that “unsurprisingly, not all of the added material in this four-hour, seven-chapter film is effective” citing “too much exposition concerning ‘Mother Boxes,’” the confusion bound to occur among non-DC fans about what is going on in multiple new scenes, and Amy Adams’ Lois Lane “still far too wedded to Superman (Henry Cavill) for it to matter much.” Of Cavill’s Superman, Warmann also critiques that “Snyder and Cavill still haven’t been able to tap into what makes him special beyond his brutish strength, and if you were hoping for an in-story explanation about a certain costume change beyond ‘it looks cool and it’s what fans want,’ you’re out of luck.
For her take on the film, Maya Phillips of TheNew York Times puts emphasis on its underlying message of hope. Phillips writes that it’s “sadly predictable” when Cavill’s Superman “arrives on the scene just in the nick of time” because “yet again a white male Übermensch is the default image of hope and salvation, so much so that he must literally be raised from the dead for the day to be saved. … Despite the other powerful, charismatic heroes on the roster … Justice League can’t conceive of hope in any other sense than the man with an S on his chest,” Phillips writes. Further, she argues that “the hope of the narrative clashes with the hope of the franchise” because “the story aims to give us a world where heroes come back to life, where they put aside their pride and reticence and self-interest to form an alliance,” but the franchise simply hopes for “more films, more crossovers [and] more money. … Hope isn’t manufactured. It can’t be limited to a shadow of a gesture or shouldered by one man whose extraordinary abilities are heralded in the ‘super’ of his name. And it’s definitely not in the cinematic equivalent of a four-hour-long cut scene,” Phillips writes, also concluding that amid COVID-19, hope looks different and “doesn’t look like the dead bodies of a villain and his henchmen at the end of a great saga” but rather “something lighter, brighter — so much more than the dark.”
The Los Angeles Times‘ Justin Chang credits Snyder for offering a cut that he respects more, but notes that it “doesn’t mean it’s the one I prefer. … The two-hour Justice League was, for all its baggage, a watchable exercise in damage control, with welcome moments of levity that cut through the murky torpor of Snyder’s storytelling,” Chang writes. “True, it butchered its convoluted mythology and left crucial material on the cutting-room floor — to which I can only say that by the end of the Snyder cut, I sort of wanted to kiss the cutting-room floor.” Chang explains that “there are fleeting pleasures and unlikely sources of fascination” throughout the new film and positively critiques the film for adding more depth and background to characters. “He wants you to love these characters, individually and in tandem, as intensely as he does (plus a host of briefly seen background players, among them Jesse Eisenberg’s Lex Luthor, Willem Dafoe’s Vulko and J.K. Simmons’ Commissioner Gordon).” However, Chang adds that though this film may be “a fuller, more stylish film than its butchered predecessor,” he’s “reluctant to call it a richer or deeper one” given the lengthy film time: “What Snyder has contrived here feels less like a vital re-energization of the form than a ponderous guided tour through a museum’s worth of familiar superhero-movie tropes and conventions: Look at this, look at that, try not to look at your watch. Like the Flash himself, Snyder wants to slow time to a crawl, to deconstruct every gesture, to make his obsessions your own. He wants the movie to go on forever. Mission accomplished.”
Angie Han of Mashable is quick to note that in just the opening scene, Snyder’s film “wastes no time setting itself apart” from the 2017 original, as Snyder introduces a “darker, grittier vision, through and through.” But, Han notes, the film is “still recognizable as a different version of the same basic story. … Snyder’s belated tinkering results in a movie that represents, on just about every level, a vast improvement over the previous edit. It still won’t be for everyone,” Han writes, describing Snyder’s take as one that lacks the “sunnier, cutesier, ostensibly more relatable tone that the theatrical version had tried to infuse,” and now “recommits to the more downbeat mood” found in his previous DC works Man of Steel and Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice. Commenting on Snyder’s directing style, Han acknowledges “the filmmaker’s knack for striking visuals shows in the action set pieces” which, she writes, “play crisper and cleaner this time around,” as well as “his moodier sensibility” that makes for “a heavier film, but also one whose grandiose emotions feel more earned.” Like other critics, she also positively critiques the film’s ability to flesh out the characters more. But with two extra hours than the original theatrical release, Han writes that there is now “so much more plot and exposition and Easter eggs that it still feels like we’re missing some pieces. … It’s enough of a challenge for to keep up with half a dozen lead characters … and it can be dizzying, from moment to moment, to remember what happened an hour or two or three ago. And not all of the new stuff feels wholly necessary.
Matt Zoller Seitz of Roger Ebertstarts his critique emphasizing that even with a four hours and two minutes run time, if Snyder’s Justice League is eventually released in theaters, “I’ll go see it again, just as long as it’s in Imax and there’s an intermission.” Seitz praises the film for being a stronger alternative to the 2017 original, writing, “I don’t see how it’s possible to put this version of the project next to the 2017 version and not recognize that it’s superior in every way.” Further, Zoller Seitz writes that the new cut “is the kind of brazen auteurist vision that Martin Scorsese was calling for when he complained (rightly) that most modern superhero movies don’t resemble cinema as he’s always understood and valued it.” He describes the film as “a corporate product that feels as if it sprung from a fever dream,” such as Superman Returns, and other works. Of the characters, Zoller Seitz argues that Whedon’s cut “favored Bruce Wayne/Batman and Diana Prince/Wonder Woman,” but Snyder offers “an ensemble picture that does as good a job as MCU’s Avengers films of depicting a band of heroes as strong-willed, fully-rounded individuals who had lives and issues before the main action started and must learn to work to together.” With many fans pleading for Snyder’s cut to be released, Zoller Seitz writes that the film “will mainly please the people who clamored for it” and “even fans of the genre might consider it a bit much. … It owes as much to rock concerts, video games and multimedia installations as it does to commercial narrative filmmaking. It’s maddening. It’s monumental. It’s art.”
Matt Goldberg of Collider poses the question, “Isn’t it far better to see a director’s original vision than whatever the studio chose to release simply to meet a release date?” adding that Snyder’s cut “essentially restores the heart of the movie and fleshes out the character motivations into a compelling picture about faith, honor and sacrifice.” However, Goldberg describes the experience of watching the lengthy film “confounding” and that the differences between his take and Whedon’s cut “don’t feel monumental. … More often than not, the experience of watching ZSJL is like watching the extended version of JL17. It is, in other words, a rough cut but with the benefit of finished VFX,” Goldberg writes, referring to Whedon’s 2017 version as “JL17.” Goldberg argues that editing should’ve been considered and the film “seems built to keep in everything” which, he argues, is an approach that “not only kills the pacing, but it also makes it difficult to latch onto any kind of thematic or emotional arc. … Without having seen JL17, Snyder has basically elongated that movie in ways that feel senseless and far too merciful in what should be cut,” Goldberg writes, adding that even with new scenes enhancing the overall work, the film fails to deliver something that justifies “the vastly extended runtime. … I truly hope that Snyder found some sort of solace in making this new version. I don’t know the man personally, but he seems like a good enough guy, and if this cut of Justice League brings him a modicum of peace, then at least we can say that in the film’s defense. But for the audience, Zack Snyder’s Justice League fails to make the case for its existence,” Goldberg writes.
The Guardian‘s Peter Bradshaw calls Snyder’s cut “weirdly entertaining” and despite being four hours long, “its dramatic and theological craziness only really come across when you consume it all at once. … You can see from a mile away where it is all going — or rather from three hours and 55 minutes away — and for me, the Justice League still does not have the colour, flair, snap and zap of the Avengers in the MCU,” Bradshaw critiques. “It comes to life most in the regular cityscape settings that it seems keen to avoid.” He continues to note that while watching, “there is something absorbing about this operatically strange twilight-of-the-superhero-gods that might yet turn out to be daybreak” and “the film has something preposterous but surreal.” With “some nice supporting performances, most notably from Willem Dafoe” and a “disturbing” epilogue that features familiar faces such as Jared Leto’s Joker, Bradshaw argues that though “Snyder’s film may be exhausting” it is still “engaging.” “Justice is served,” he concludes.
The American Psychiatric Association defines mental illness as a health condition that involves “changes in emotion, thinking, or behavior—or a combination of these.”1 If left untreated, mental illnesses can have a huge impact on daily living, including your ability to work, care for family, and relate and interact with others. Similar to having other medical conditions like diabetes or heart disease, there is no shame in having a mental illness, and support and treatment are available.
Mental illnesses are health conditions involving changes in emotion, thinking or behavior (or a combination of these). Mental illnesses are associated with distress and/or problems functioning in social, work, or family activities. Mental illness is common.
There is no single cause of mental illness. Instead, it’s thought that they stem from a wide range of factors ( sometimes in combination). The following are some factors that may influence whether someone develops a mental illness:
Biology: Brain chemistry plays a major role in mental illnesses. Changes and imbalance in neurotransmitters, the chemical messengers within the brain, are often associated with mental disorders.
Environmental exposures: Children exposed to certain substances in utero may be at higher risk of developing mental illness. For example, if your mother drank alcohol, used drugs, or was exposed to harmful chemicals or toxins when she was pregnant with you, you may be at increased risk.
Genetics: Experts have long recognized that many mental illnesses tend to run in families, suggesting a genetic component. People who have a relative with a mental illness—such as autism, bipolar disorder, major depression, and schizophrenia—may be at a higher risk of developing it, for example.
Life experiences: The stressful life events you’ve experienced may contribute to the development of mental illness. For example, enduring traumatic events might cause a condition like PTSD, while repeated changes in primary caregivers in childhood may influence the development of an attachment disorder.
Mental health is the foundation for emotions, thinking, communication, learning, resilience and self-esteem. Mental health is also key to relationships, personal and emotional well-being and contributing to community or society.
Many people who have a mental illness do not want to talk about it. But mental illness is nothing to be ashamed of! It is a medical condition, just like heart disease or diabetes. And mental health conditions are treatable. We are continually expanding our understanding of how the human brain works, and treatments are available to help people successfully manage mental health conditions.
Mental illness does not discriminate; it can affect anyone regardless of your age, gender, geography, income, social status, race/ethnicity, religion/spirituality, sexual orientation, background or other aspect of cultural identity. While mental illness can occur at any age, three-fourths of all mental illness begins by age 24.
Mental illnesses take many forms. Some are mild and only interfere in limited ways with daily life, such as certain phobias (abnormal fears). Other mental health conditions are so severe that a person may need care in a hospital.
The recognition and understanding of mental health conditions have changed over time and across cultures and there are still variations in definition, assessment and classification, although standard guideline criteria are widely used. In many cases, there appears to be a continuum between mental health and mental illness, making diagnosis complex.
According to the World Health Organization (WHO), over a third of people in most countries report problems at some time in their life which meet criteria for diagnosis of one or more of the common types of mental disorder.
Corey M Keyes has created a two continua model of mental illness and health which holds that both are related, but distinct dimensions: one continuum indicates the presence or absence of mental health, the other the presence or absence of mental illness.
For example, people with optimal mental health can also have a mental illness, and people who have no mental illness can also have poor mental health.
Types of mental health issues and illnesses.
Anxiety disorders is a group of mental health disorders that includes generalised anxiety disorders, social phobias, specific phobias (for example, agoraphobia and claustrophobia), panic disorders, obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) and post-traumatic stress disorder. Untreated, anxiety disorders can lead to significant impairment on people’s daily lives.
Behavioural and emotional disorders in children
Common behaviour disorders in children include oppositional defiant disorder (ODD), conduct disorder (CD) and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Treatment for these mental health disorders can include therapy, education and medication.
Bipolar affective disorder
Bipolar affective disorder is a type of mood disorder, previously referred to as ‘manic depression’. A person with bipolar disorder experiences episodes of mania (elation) and depression. The person may or may not experience psychotic symptoms. The exact cause is unknown, but a genetic predisposition has been clearly established. Environmental stressors can also trigger episodes of this mental illness.
Depression is a mood disorder characterised by lowering of mood, loss of interest and enjoyment, and reduced energy. It is not just feeling sad. There are different types and symptoms of depression. There are varying levels of severity and symptoms related to depression. Symptoms of depression can lead to increased risk of suicidal thoughts or behaviours.
Dissociation and dissociative disorders
Dissociation is a mental process where a person disconnects from their thoughts, feelings, memories or sense of identity. Dissociative disorders include dissociative amnesia, dissociative fugue, depersonalisation disorder and dissociative identity disorder.
Eating disorders include anorexia, bulimia nervosa and other binge eating disorders. Eating disorders affect females and males and can have serious psychological and physical consequences.
Obsessive compulsive disorder
Obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) is an anxiety disorder. Obsessions are recurrent thoughts, images or impulses that are intrusive and unwanted. Compulsions are time-consuming and distressing repetitive rituals. Treatments include cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT), and medications.
Paranoia is the irrational and persistent feeling that people are ‘out to get you’. Paranoia may be a symptom of conditions including paranoid personality disorder, delusional (paranoid) disorder and schizophrenia. Treatment for paranoiainclude medications and psychological support.
Post-traumatic stress disorder
Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a mental health condition that can develop as a response to people who have experienced any traumatic event. This can be a car or other serious accident, physical or sexual assault, war-related events or torture, or natural disasters such as bushfires or floods.
People affected by psychosis can experience delusions, hallucinations and confused thinking.. Psychosis can occur in a number of mental illnesses, including drug-induced psychosis, schizophrenia and mood disorders. Medication and psychological support can relieve, or even eliminate, psychotic symptoms.
Schizophrenia is a complex psychotic disorder characterised by disruptions to thinking and emotions, and a distorted perception of reality. Symptoms of schizophrenia vary widely but may include hallucinations, delusions, thought disorder, social withdrawal, lack of motivation and impaired thinking and memory. People with schizophrenia have a high risk of suicide. Schizophrenia is not a split personality.
Ten Things You Can Do for Your Mental Health.
1. Value yourself:
Treat yourself with kindness and respect, and avoid self-criticism. Make time for your hobbies and favorite projects, or broaden your horizons. Do a daily crossword puzzle, plant a garden, take dance lessons, learn to play an instrument or become fluent in another language.
2. Take care of your body:
Taking care of yourself physically can improve your mental health. Be sure to:
Exercise, which helps decrease depression and anxiety and improve moods
Get enough sleep. Researchers believe that lack of sleep contributes to a high rate of depression in college students.
3. Surround yourself with good people:
People with strong family or social connections are generally healthier than those who lack a support network. Make plans with supportive family members and friends, or seek out activities where you can meet new people, such as a club, class or support group.
4. Give yourself:
Volunteer your time and energy to help someone else. You’ll feel good about doing something tangible to help someone in need — and it’s a great way to meet new people. See Fun and Cheap Things to do in Ann Arbor for ideas.
5. Learn how to deal with stress:
Like it or not, stress is a part of life. Practice good coping skills: Try One-Minute Stress Strategies, do Tai Chi, exercise, take a nature walk, play with your pet or try journal writing as a stress reducer. Also, remember to smile and see the humor in life. Research shows that laughter can boost your immune system, ease pain, relax your body and reduce stress.
6. Quiet your mind:
Try meditating, Mindfulness and/or prayer. Relaxation exercises and prayer can improve your state of mind and outlook on life. In fact, research shows that meditation may help you feel calm and enhance the effects of therapy. To get connected, see spiritual resources on Personal Well-being for Students
7. Set realistic goals:
Decide what you want to achieve academically, professionally and personally, and write down the steps you need to realize your goals. Aim high, but be realistic and don’t over-schedule. You’ll enjoy a tremendous sense of accomplishment and self-worth as you progress toward your goal. Wellness Coaching, free to U-M students, can help you develop goals and stay on track.
8. Break up the monotony:
Although our routines make us more efficient and enhance our feelings of security and safety, a little change of pace can perk up a tedious schedule. Alter your jogging route, plan a road-trip, take a walk in a different park, hang some new pictures or try a new restaurant. See Rejuvenation 101 for more ideas.
9. Avoid alcohol and other drugs:
Keep alcohol use to a minimum and avoid other drugs. Sometimes people use alcohol and other drugs to “self-medicate” but in reality, alcohol and other drugs only aggravate problems. For more information, see Alcohol and Other Drugs.
10. Get help when you need it:
Seeking help is a sign of strength — not a weakness. And it is important to remember that treatment is effective. People who get appropriate care can recover from mental illness and addiction and lead full, rewarding lives. See Resources for Stress and Mental Health for campus and community resources.
*Adapted from the National Mental Health Association/National Council for Community Behavioral Healthcare.
Hate is an effect: It involves a feeling, which can become a sustained, pervasive mood.
Hate is for harm: The effect does not just involve aversion, repugnance, disvaluing. It is a desire for harm to or the non-existence of the hated object.
Hate expresses itself in action: When one hates, possesses means, and doesn’t choose otherwise, the hatred flows into attitudes, decisions, discourse, and even hostile actions.
Hate lasts and remains: Genuine hate is not a fleeting, momentary condition. Unless something changes the situation or person, hate continues and may grow and consolidate, over time.
Hate has its reasons: While at some level, hate may seem completely irrational, spontaneous, or even random, considered as an oriented effective response, it does possess its reasons, its logic, its explanations. In being carried out in action, hate also involves some practical reasoning.
What is hate?
intense hostility and aversion usually deriving from fear, anger, or sense of injury. b : extreme dislike or disgust : antipathy, loathing had a great hate of hard work.
Definition of hate.
Hate, abhor, detest, abominate imply feeling intense dislike or aversion toward something. Hate, the simple and general word, suggests passionate dislike and a feeling of enmity: to hate autocracy.
According to Aristotle, Hatred is directed to classes of people (gene). The examples Aristotle uses — “thieves and informers” — hardly exhaust the range of classes, types, that people (or at least certain groups) tend to hate, feeling and expressing hatred against them, taking action against them when possible or necessary.
Sigmund Freud defined hate as an ego state that wishes to destroy the source of its unhappiness, stressing that it was linked to the question of self-preservation.Donald Winnicott highlighted the developmental step involved in hatred, with its recognition of an outside object: “As compared to magical destruction, aggressive ideas and behaviour take on a positive value, and hate becomes a sign of civilization”.
In his wake, Object relations theory has emphasized the importance of recognizing hate in the analytic setting: the analyst acknowledges his hate (as revealed in the strict time-limits and the fee charged), which in turn may make it possible for the patient to acknowledge and contain their previously concealed hate for the analyst.
Adam Phillips went so far as to suggest that true kindness is impossible in a relationship without hating and being hated so that an unsentimental acknowledgment of interpersonal frustrations and their associated hostilities can allow real fellow-feeling to emerge.
Love and hate are similar in being directed toward another person because of who he or she is. Despite this similarity, the two seem like polar opposites. Very often when we love someone, we want them to thrive. When we hate someone, we are more likely to wish they would suffer — or at least change who they are.
Hatred is based on the perception of the other, but also has a strong relationship with ourselves, with our personal history, and its effects on our personality, feelings, ideas, beliefs, and especially our identity. Certain adversity in our lives can trigger and intensify hatred: jealousy, failure, guilt and so on.
The first records of hate come from before the 900s. It ultimately comes from the Old English verb hatian and is related to the Dutch haten, the Old Norse hata, and the German hassen.
Hate, like love, takes different shapes and forms in different languages. While it may be fair to say that one single emotion exists in English, French (haine), and German (Hass), hate is historically situated and culturally constructed: it varies in the forms in which it is manifested. Thus a certain relationless hatred is expressed in the French expression J’ai la haine, which has no precise equivalent in English; while for English-speakers, loving and hating invariably involve an object, or a person, and therefore, a relationship with something or someone, J’ai la haine (literally, I have hate) precludes the idea of an emotion directed at a person. This is a form of frustration, apathy and animosity which churns within the subject but establishes no relationship with the world, other than an aimless desire for destruction.
French forms of anti-Americanism have been seen as a specific form of cultural resentment, registering joy-in-hate.
Hate is a deep and emotional aversion. It can be directed against individuals, groups, entities, objects, behaviors, or ideas. Hatred is often associated with feelings of anger, disgust, and hostility.